eu immigration statistics by country 2018

Different demographic developments are observed in eastern and western Germany. In order to bring about the changes agreed upon, the European Commission enacted an action plan implementing the Stockholm programme – delivering an area of freedom, security and justice for Europe’s citizens (COM(2010) 171 final) in 2010. A total of 20,760 have arrived in Greece so far this year, bringing the total number of arrivals in the EU in 2018 to just over 76,000. However, these total figures do not represent the migration flows to/from the EU-27 as a whole, since they also include flows between different EU-27 Member States. This statistic shows the number of accepted first instance asylum applications in some of the European countries in 2018, broken down by country. Immigrants into EU-27 Member States in 2018 were, on average, much younger than the total population already resident in their country of destination. Gross domestic product (annual) Gross domestic product (quarterly) Composite Leading Indicators. In addition, there were 13.3 million persons living in one of the EU-27 Member States on 1 January 2019 with the citizenship of another EU-27 Member State. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The report noted that EU citizenship brings new rights and opportunities. Highest share of foreign population in Luxembourg, lowest in Romania. If an asylum seeker lodges once more an application in the same country after any period of time, (s)he is not considered again a first-time applicant. The largest shares of Moroccans acquired their new citizenship in Spain (38 %), Italy (23 %) or France (23 %) while the majority of Albanians received Greek citizenship (51 %) or Italian citizenship (46 %). 21.8 million people (4.9 %) of the 446.8 million people living in the EU-27 on 1 January 2019 were non-EU-27 citizens. In the case of Latvia and Estonia, the proportion of citizens from non-member countries is particularly large due to the high number of recognised non-citizens (mainly former Soviet Union citizens, who are permanently resident in these countries but have not acquired any other citizenship). East-west migration. Public opinion – Eurobarometer. Two other issues of the Demographic Yearbook, published respectively in 1985 and 1994 , include a limited number of tables pertaining to international arrivals and departures. The next highest levels of acquisition of citizenship were in Italy (112.5 thousand), France (110.0 thousand), Spain (90.8 thousand) and Sweden (63.8 thousand). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. This defines a core set of statistics on international migration flows, population stocks of foreigners, the acquisition of citizenship, residence permits, asylum and measures against illegal entry and stay. All; OECD (37) European Union (27) Euro Area (19) G7; G20; None; Time. Some of the most important legal texts adopted in the area of immigration include: Legislative documents - European Agenda on Migration, Press material - European Agenda on Migration. Find a country by name. Migration policies within the EU in relation to citizens of non-member countries are increasingly concerned with attracting a particular migrant profile, often in an attempt to alleviate specific skills shortages. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! A European Commission Communication adopted in October 2008 emphasised the importance of strengthening the global approach to migration: increasing coordination, coherence and synergies (COM(2008) 611 final) as an aspect of external and development policy. Naturalisation rate: The term ‘naturalisation rate’ should be used with caution because the numerator includes all modes of acquisitions and not just naturalisations of eligible residing foreigners and the denominator includes all foreigners, rather than foreigners who are eligible for naturalisation. Source: Eurostat, First permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship [migr_resfirst], This website uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. In relative terms, the EU-27 Member State with the highest share of non-nationals was Luxembourg, as non-nationals accounted for 47 % of its total population. On the 16th of October 2019, the Commission published [1] on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, focusing on key steps required on the Mediterranean routes in particular, as well as actions to consolidate the EU’s toolbox on migration, borders and asylum. Population Statistics. Acquisition of citizenship data by individual former citizenship are not available for Romania for 2017 and 2018. Numbers are sharply down from their 2015-16 peak because of a 2016 EU deal with Turkey, new border fences in the Balkans, and a 2017 bilateral arrangement between Italy and Libya, but tens of thousands of people are still trying to reach Europe.The UNHCR says Spain has taken in Publications on statistics (EU bookshop) Most consulted statistics. It is harder to keep track of people leaving a country than those arriving, because for a migrant it is very often much more important to interact about his/her migration with the authorities of the receiving country than with those of the country he/she is leaving. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. As of 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide stood at almost 272 million (or 3.5 percent of the world’s population), according to UN Population Division estimates. The number of people acquiring the citizenship of an EU-27 Member State in 2018 was 672.3 thousand, corresponding to a 4 % decrease with respect to 2017. To interpret the map (and the following maps) correctly, it is important to understand what immigrant (or foreign-born) means within the context of this study.A person is said to be foreign-born if they reside in a certain country but were not born within the current borders of that country. Besides policies to encourage labour recruitment, immigration policy is often focused on two areas: preventing unauthorised migration and the illegal employment of migrants who are not permitted to work, as well as promoting the integration of immigrants into society. Agglomeration level. Currently highlighted. Eurostat International Migration statistics: Immigration . European Union immigration statistics for 2005 was 36,780,404.00, a 24.25% increase from 2000. Alternatively, employers can make the selection so that migrants already have a job upon their arrival. This page has been accessed 688,093 times. Africapolis. As such, citizens of non-member countries accounted for 84 % of all persons who acquired citizenship of an EU-27 Member State in 2018. This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations by country of origin and destination. Before this, detailed statistics on international migration flows and stock were published by the United Nations Statistics Division in two issues of the Demographic Yearbook: 1977 and 1989. Germany reported the largest total number of immigrants (893.9 thousand) in 2018, followed by Spain (643.7 thousand), France (386.9 thousand) and Italy (332.3 thousand). This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. To switch them off or find out more see Settings. The data collected including the number visitors, the source where they have come from, and the pages visited in an anonymous form. Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! A total of 3.9 million people immigrated to one of the EU-27 Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million emigrants were reported to have left an EU-27 Member State. Some 566.1 thousand citizens of non-member countries residing in an EU-27 Member State acquired EU-27 citizenship in 2018, corresponding to a 5 % decrease with respect to 2017. Definition of Foreign-born participation rates. This cookie is installed by Google Universal Analytics to throttle the request rate to limit the collection of data on high traffic sites. EU-27 Member States granted citizenship to 672 thousand persons in 2018. The nearly 50 million U.S. residents in 2017 who hailed from outside the country… Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Definition: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). Age: In absolute terms, the highest decreases compared with 2017 were observed in Italy, as 34 100 less residents were granted Italian citizenship, followed by Greece (-6 400), Sweden (-5 100), Denmark (-4 400) and France (-4 300). The EU-27 aggregates on Acquisitions of citizenship data for 2012, 2011 and 2010 include Romanian data for 2009. However, since citizenship can change over the life-time of a person, it is also useful to analyse information by country of birth. Refugee: The term does not solely refer to persons granted refugee status (as defined in Art.2(e) of Directive 2011/95/EC within the meaning of Art.1 of the Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951, as amended by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967) but also to persons granted subsidiary protection (as defined in Art.2(g) of Directive 2011/95/EC) and persons covered by a decision granting authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons under national law concerning international protection. Highest share of national immigrants for Romania, lowest for Luxembourg. Table 6 presents a summary of the five main groups of foreign citizens and foreign-born populations for the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and EFTA countries (subject to data availability). In absolute terms, the main groups of EU-27 citizens acquiring citizenship of another EU-27 Member State were Romanians becoming citizens of Italy (6.5 thousand persons) and Germany (4.3 thousand persons), around half of the acquisitions of citizenship by Poles becoming citizens of Germany (6.2 thousand persons), and half of Italians becoming citizens of Germany (4.0 thousand persons). People in Barcelona march in support of refugees. 16 July 2019 Immigration 2018: Germany grew by 400,000 people. Third country nationals living in these countries and migrating to other EU countries are excluded. It is a comprehensive document and covers all aspects of migration and asylum policy by the Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs and EU agencies. The Member State reporting the highest share of male immigrants was Croatia (75 %); by contrast, the highest share of female immigrants was reported in Portugal (53 %). By contrast, Poland reported low shares of foreign-born, 2 % of its total population on 1 January 2019, followed by Bulgaria (2.5 %), Romania (3.2 %) and Slovakia(3.6 %). As stated in Article 2.1(a), (b), (c) of Regulation 862/2007, immigrants who have been residing (or who are expected to reside) in the territory of an EU Member State for a period of at least 12 months are enumerated, as are emigrants living abroad for more than 12 months. Objectives included enabling refugees to reach Europe through legal and safe pathways, ensuring that relocation responsibility is shared fairly between Member States, integrating migrants at local and regional levels. Highest naturalisation rates in Sweden and Romania. An analysis comparing 2018 immigration and emigration data from the EU-27 Member States (mirror statistics) confirmed that this was true in many countries — as a result, this article focuses on immigration data. Of the 78,600 Syrians granted … In the year ending September … In these countries as well as in the United Kingdom data concern the respondent's age completed or on their last birthday. The number of Venezuelans rose by nearly 40 times in 2019 compared to 2018. Although EU Member States may continue to use any appropriate data sources according to national availability and practice, the statistics collected under the Regulation must be based on common definitions and concepts. 2018 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (or older versions) in various forms (including Excel spreadsheets) and other complementary data products, including Annual Flow Reports, Fact Sheets, and Profiles of Lawful Permanent Residents and Naturalized Citizens. As in previous years, the largest group of new citizens in the EU-27 Member States in 2018 were citizens of Morocco (67.2 thousand, corresponding to 10 % of all citizenships granted), followed by citizens of Albania (47.4 thousand, or 7.1 %), Turks (28.4 thousand, or 4.2 %), and Brazilians (23.1 thousand, or 3.4 %). An analysis of the age structure of the population shows that, for the EU-27 as a whole, the foreign population was younger than the national population. The EU-27 aggregates on Immigration by country of previous residence data for 2013-2018 includes UK in the composition of the EU because EU-27 data is not available for Cyprus. Spain is the most welcoming EU country for refugees, survey finds A Pew Research Center study of 18 nations says that 86% of Spaniards believe people fleeing violence and war should be accepted in the country. Country level. Integration: the EU may provide incentives and support for measures taken by Member States to promote the integration of legally resident third-country nationals; EU law makes n… Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States This feature presents the latest, most sought-after data on immigrants in the United States—by origin, residence, legal status, deportations, languages spoken, and more—in one easy-to-use resource. Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality, July 2018 to June 2019. Department for Work and Pensions, National Insurance number allocations to adult overseas nationals: January 2002 to September 2019. Historical population data and projections (1950-2060) Population. Back to Immigration statistics year ending December 2018 content page.. Population projections. The EU-27 aggregates on Population by citizenship data as of 1 January 2019 includes UK in the composition of the EU because EU-27 data is not available for Cyprus and Malta. Significant resources have been mobilised to fight people smuggling and trafficking networks in the EU. In contrast, non-nationals represented less than 1 % of the population in Poland (0.8 %) and in Romania (0.6 %). More. Germany, Romania and Poland: estimate; Poland, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the United Kingdom: provisional. Therefore, an asylum seeker can apply for first time in a given country and afterwards again as first-time applicant in any other country. The Stockholm programme, adopted by EU heads of state and government in December 2009, set a framework and series of principles for the ongoing development of European policies on justice and home affairs for the period 2010 to 2014; migration-related issues are a central part of this programme. Italians are the worst in the EU at over-estimating the proportion of immigrants living in their country, a new report claims. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. Non-nationals in these four Member States collectively represented 71 % of the total number of non-nationals living in all of the EU-27 Member States, while the same four Member States had a 58 % share of the EU-27’s population. Acquisition of citizenship data are rounded to the nearest multiple of 5 for Germany on provisional basis for 2018. Álvaro Sánchez. On 15th of November 2017, the updated European Agenda on Migration focused on the refugee crisis, a common visa policy, and Schengen. Eurostat International Migration statistics: Immigration; Dataset | 15 January 2021. In 2018, there were an estimated 2.4 million immigrants to the EU-27 from non-EU-27 countries and about 1.1 million people emigrated from EU-27 to a country outside the EU-27 - see Figure 1. Member States retain the right to determine volumes of admission for people coming from third countries to seek work. Back to table of contents Remove all. Germany also reported the highest number of emigrants in 2018 (540.4 thousand), followed by Spain (309.5 thousand), France (341.4 thousand), Romania (231.7 thousand) and Poland (189.8 thousand). The majority of Turks (59 %) received German citizenship, and around half of the Brazilians received Italian citizenship (46 %). Regular immigration: the EU is competent to lay down the conditions governing entry into and legal residence in a Member State, including for the purposes of family reunification, for third-country nationals. Focusing on how climate change, demography and economic factors create new reasons pushing people to move, it confirmed that the drivers behind migratory pressure on Europe were structural, thus making it all the more essential to deal with the matter efficiently and uniformly. Current news. Foreign-born population (% of total population) in EU Member States as of 1 January 2019: Country % Born in other EU Member State % Born in non-EU country % Total foreign-born population: Luxembourg: 35.0: 11.8: 47.3: Cyprus: 14.2: 7.0: 21.1: Ireland: 12.7: 4.5: 17.2: Malta : 9.8: 10.4: 20.2: Austria : 8.9: 10.6: 19.4: Belgium: 7.9: 9.3: 17.2: Germany: 7.8: 10.2: 17.9: UK: 5.5: 8.7: 14.2: Sweden : 5.5: 13.6: 19.1: … This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. Citizens of EU-27 Member States who acquired citizenship of another EU-27 Member State amounted to 89.6 thousand persons, thus accounting for 13 % of the total. This domain comprises series of long-term international immigration during the reference year. Africapolis. Concerning the definitions of age for migration flows, please note that 2018 data concern the respondent’s age reached or age at the end of the reference year for all EU-27 Member States with the exception of Ireland, Greece, Austria, Malta, Romania and Slovenia. This means that in most EU-27 Member States, the majority of non-nationals were citizens of non-EU-27 countries (see Table 5). A total of 22 of the EU-27 Member States reported more immigration than emigration in 2018, but in Bulgaria, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania the number of emigrants outnumbered the number of immigrants. Data are collected on an annual basis and are supplied to Eurostat by the national statistical authorities of the EU-27 Member States. Since 2008 the collection of migration and international protection data has been based on Regulation 862/2007 and the analysis and composition of the EU, EFTA and candidate countries groups as of 1 January of the reference year are given in the implementing Regulation 351/2010. By contrast, Luxembourg reported relatively low shares of native-born immigrants, less than 5 % of all immigration in 2018. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Home Office, Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2019. European Union immigration statistics for 2010 was 43,696,432.00, a 18.8% increase from 2005. For emigration, the highest rates in 2018 were reported for Luxembourg (23 emigrants per 1 000 persons), Malta (19 emigrants per 1 000 persons), Cyprus (18 emigrants per 1 000 persons), and Romania (12 emigrants per 1 000 persons). This article presents European Union (EU) statistics on international migration (flows), number of national and non-national citizens in population ("stocks") and data relating to the acquisition of citizenship. By clicking Accept you are consenting to the use of them. The cookies store information anonymously and assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors. One commonly used indicator is the ‘naturalisation rate’, defined here as the ratio between the total number of citizenships granted and the stock of non-national residents at the beginning of the same year. Germany: the largest number of immigrants and emigrants. Romanian, Polish, Italian and Portuguese citizens were the four biggest groups of EU-27 citizens living in other EU-27 Member States in 2019 (see Figure 7). Moving and living freely within the EU is the right most closely associated with EU citizenship. The data presented are the result of a standardisation process that allows for cross-country comparisons. Economic Outlook. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. In the case of Luxembourg, Portuguese citizens accounted for the largest share, followed by French, Italian and Belgian citizens, while in the case of Hungary EU-27 nationals acquiring citizenship were almost exclusively Romanians. Poland dropped from the first place in 2018 after roughly 100,000 Poles left the UK over the previous two years. Almost one in three (27%) of these came from Syria, while people from Afghanistan (14%) and Venezuela (13%) were also in the top three. The cookie is used to store information of how visitors use a website and helps in creating an analytics report of how the website is doing. On 1 January 2019, the median age of the national population in the EU-27 was 45 years, while the median age of non-nationals living in the EU-27 was 36 years. In September 2007, the European Commission presented its third annual report on migration and integration (COM(2007) 512 final). This briefing reports data on bilateral migrant stocks from within the EU: that is, the number of people from each of the 27 countries which form the EU who are living in another EU country. Citizens of EU Member States have freedom to travel and freedom of movement within the EU’s internal borders. The number of people residing in an EU Member State with citizenship of a non-member country on 1 January 2019 was 21.8 million, representing 4.9 % of the EU-27 population. In absolute terms, the largest numbers of non-nationals living in the EU-27 Member States on 1 January 2019 were found in Germany (10.1 million persons), Italy (5.3 million), France (4.9 million) and Spain (4.8 million). Permanent immigrant inflows cover regulated movements of foreigners considered to be settling in the country from the perspective of the destination country. The relative share of native-born immigrants within the total number of immigrants was highest in Bulgaria and Lithuania (both 51 % of all immigrants), followed by Romania (43 %) and Estonia (40 %). 15 October 2018 Migration in 2017: immigration to Germany exceeding emigration by 416,000. How many people come to the UK each year? This section provides a list of the tables published in the Immigration Statistics release. On the 4th of December 2018, the Commission published a progress report on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, examining progress made and shortcomings in the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration. Europe: Crime Index by Country 2018 Chart: Crime Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid … However, most “blue” and “red” countries in the map have been losing population for several decades. Population and Vital Statistics. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018 A total of 3.9 million peopleimmigratedto one of theEU-27Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). In destination countries, international migration may be used as a tool to solve specific labour market shortages. Select background. Definitions A total of 3.9 million people immigrated to one of the EU-27 Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million emigrants were reported to have left an EU-27 Member State. The implementation of the Regulation is expected to result in increased availability and comparability of migration statistics. By contrast, in Luxembourg, national immigration represented no more than 5 % of their total immigration in 2018. The European migration network annual report on immigration and asylum (2016) was published in April 2017. GDP per capita in purchasing power standards ; Growth rate of GDP volume – percentage change on previous year; Total population; Unemployment rate; Employment rate; Inflation rate (monthly) Inflation rate (annual) Immigration; Asylum; Opinion polls. 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