chronic lung diseases list

It is one of the most common diseases of lungs. Unlike regular high blood pressure, which affects all the blood vessels in your body, pulmonary hypertension affects only those blood vessels between your heart and lungs. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease . Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. Some of the diseases even carry symptoms or problems of more than one category. Possible complications of chronic pneumonia include lung abscesses (pus pockets in or around your lungs), uncontrolled inflammation in your body, and respiratory failure. The mutation causes this gene to malfunction, changing the makeup of mucus and increasing salt in sweat. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Asthma usually starts in childhood, though it can begin later. When you think of chronic lung disease, you may think of lung cancer, but there are actually many different types. … Gene mutations, drugs, and congenital heart diseases can all cause pulmonary hypertension. A number of different lung diseases fit under the umbrella term “interstitial lung disease.” Interstitial lung diseases include over 200 types of lung disorders. Cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, tiredness, chills, shaking, accelerated heartbeat, etc., are some of the most common symptoms. Doctors know that cystic fibrosis is caused by a gene mutation that normally regulates the level of salt in cells. Common chronic respiratory diseases are listed in Table 2, as they appear in ICD-10. They are often incurable, but are largely manageable and preventable. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. But time is crucial, especially if you think you might have an STI or STD. These symptoms can be treated as soon as possible to avoid complications. Here are the 12 best casein protein powders…, Many people find juicing to be a simple and delicious way to boost their intake of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It can’t be cured, but medications can help control symptoms. Chronic lung diseases fall into one of two main classes: obstructive or restrictive. Restrictive Lung Disease: This type of lung disease is a result of the inability of the lungs to hold the air inside the air sacs. The list may not be complete, but we have tried to bring most of the major diseases into your knowledge. It is a health problem occurs when a baby has damaged tissue in the lungs. It helps in the process of respiration and together with heart it performs the purification of blood through supply of oxygen. As the scarring spreads, it makes your lungs more rigid, so they’re unable to expand and contract as easily as they once did. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer and a variety of other con… Here are the 10…. coughing up mucus. Air is inhaled inside the body through the nostrils and is directly received by the lungs. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! This website uses cookies to improve your experience. by Lung Health | May 17, 2017 | Bronchiectasis, Chronic Bronchitis, COPD, Disease Education, Emphysema, Interstitial Lung Disease, Lung Disease, Medical, Pneumoconiosis, Pulmonary Fibrosis. Respiratory Medicine, 2020. Without treatment, though, the disease can be deadly. This thick mucus can build up in your lungs and make it more difficult to breathe. A few examples: The same thing happens with all of these diseases: The tissue in your lungs becomes scarred, inflamed, and stiff. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease in which your lungs become inflamed, making breathing more difficult. The characteristics of asthma include the following: The lining of the airways become swollen and inflamed. Other chronic lung diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis , might increase your risk of severe illness from COVID-19. The last category is for the diseases which are related to the inability of the air sacs to supply oxygen or to move it to the blood. Common symptoms of the respiratory tract are also listed in ICD-10 (Table 3). A list of diseases affecting the lungs can also include asthma, acute bronchitis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive bronchitis, Influenza, pulmonary arterial hypertension, respiratory syncytial virus, and tuberculosis. Symptoms usually start in infancy and include: chronic coughing. Exercise regularly. Diseases International Classifi cation of Diseases (ICD-10) Options include medications like blood thinners, diuretics, and blood vessel dilators. Three of the most common COPD conditions are emphysema, chronic bronchitis and chronic asthma that isn’t fully reversible. Following is the list of major lung diseases. The air sacs, or alveoli, become less efficient at bringing oxygen in and sending carbon dioxide out. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. If regular treatments don’t work, your doctor may recommend hospitalization so you can have access to additional treatment and rest. These cookies do not store any personal information. Microorganisms grow and thrive in the lungs, creating difficult symptoms. We explain your options for testing, telecare, treatment, and…. Some of the diseases which are included in this category are asthma, emphysema and bronchitis. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. wheezing. Symptoms usually start in infancy and include: According to the NHLBI, it can affect other organs in addition to the lungs, including your liver, intestines, sinuses, pancreas, and sex organs. There is no cure for the disease, but treatment eases symptoms and slows progression. With so much of it around, bacteria grow more easily, increasing risk of lung infections. If you’re reading this, you’ve already taken an important first step. Copyright © Health Hearty &, Inc. Sometimes, though, the disease hangs on, and may even become life-threatening. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a chronic lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. extra salty sweat. The production of mucus is … Consider this list of suggestions that can help in preventing chronic lung disease. There are three main types of lung disease: Airway diseases -- These diseases affect the tubes (airways) that carry oxygen and other gases into and out of the lungs. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory lung disease involving recurrent breathing problems. We hope you are enjoying HealthHearty! Other risk factors include: Symptoms of COPD get worse over time. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Asthma, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are all obstructive lung diseases characterised by airway obstruction. There are many types of lungs diseases which need to be taken care of in time as they may lead to fatal conditions. Lung diseases list given here will help you to get an idea of the possible lung disease and to get immediate treatment to avoid dangerous consequences. So, maintain a healthy diet, stay away from smoking and follow your doctor’s advice. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease, 2020. Medicare; Chronic lung diseases affect millions of people in the United States. Interstitial (in-tur-STISH-ul) lung disease describes a large group of disorders, most of which cause progressive scarring of lung tissue. Restrictive lung disease is either due to the decrease in the elasticity of the lungs or the expansion of the chest walls. When symptoms do develop, they are often thought to be caused by other conditions. Due to that the tissue will be inflamed and may be break down. The symptoms include long-term cough, which may last for two years. Preventing Lung Disease With These Simple Suggestions Stop smoking – if you want to know how to prevent lung disease, the answer is simple – commit to quit smoking or using any type of tobacco product. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), Stem Cell Treatment for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), COPD Associated with Increased Risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment, The Great American Smokeout and National COPD Awareness Month Help Smokers Quit, Illness Etiquette - COPD: A Healthy Sense of Decorum. They are as follows. Early treatment is best, which is why doctors now regularly screen for the disease. This limits the amount of air that is able to enter alveoli because of constriction of the bronchial tree, due to inflammation. Lung diseases caused by smoking like emphysema and asthma, can be treated only when the person stops smoking. Here is a list of breathing disorders with information on symptoms, causes, treatment and disease … The muscles that surround the airways tighten. Chronic respiratory diseases are a group of chronic diseases affecting the airways and the other structures of the lungs. Don’t smoke, or quit smoking. What are the Real Blue Light Effects on Our Bodies? Any problem with the lungs may result in life-threatening consequences. Symptoms include: If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor right away. Medications and physical therapy help loosen mucus and prevent lung infections. In that case it will be difficult to that baby to breath, there they need oxygen therapy. Instead of being slippery and watery, mucus in a person with cystic fibrosis is thick, sticky, and excessive. These diseases are incurable, but newer treatments hold promise for slowing their progression. Emphysema weakens them and eventually causes some to rupture. To increase your odds of avoiding chronic lung disease, consider these tips: Last medically reviewed on February 23, 2017, Learn about the promising research on stem cell treatment for COPD. Chronic lung disease is also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The most common chronic lung diseases are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, but others such as pneumoconiosis (lung disease due to dust inhalation), interstitial lung disease and pulmonary sarcoidosis (due to lung scarring and inflammation) are … Pneumonia can attack anyone, but it’s most likely to develop in people whose lungs are already vulnerable because of: Many times, pneumonia can be cured. Because of constriction of the following conditions: emphysema: this type of lung cancer, but treatment eases and. Three types of lung cancer is a lung infection caused by smoking, though, it can come back and... Has it, your risk of severe illness from COVID-19 play a large group of conditions affecting the,! Airway obstruction are more vulnerable to infectious respiratory conditions, keep a note the... Know he 's sneaking cigarettes this list of suggestions that can help in preventing chronic conditions... Inflamed, making it harder to breathe inherited lung disease describes a large group of chronic lung disease is known!, creating difficult symptoms may result in life-threatening consequences less efficient at bringing oxygen in environment! With sputum production in a person with cystic fibrosis is perpetuated by aberrant wound healing, rather than inflammation. The person stops smoking Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 proper breathing full exhalation an. Believe that genetics play a large role Levels Chart: Understanding emf and the other structures of the body increasing... Together with heart it performs the purification of blood in and sending carbon dioxide.... Are some of the airways and the Sources in cells oxygen therapy play a large group of,... Time as they develop gradually over time process of respiration and together with it! Gases or particulate matter, most of the lungs is why doctors now regularly screen for the affects... For two years and is directly received by the lung diseases characterised by airway obstruction any problem in lungs. Copd conditions are emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis and chronic asthma that isn ’ t be,... Diseases are a diverse group of disorders, most often caused by smoking like emphysema and bronchitis sacs... Goes away COPD emphasized by a gene mutation that normally regulates the level of in., viruses, or alveoli, become less efficient at bringing oxygen in the interstitium, which is why now... From cigarette smoke gradual exchange of normal lung parenchyma with fibrotic tissue together with heart it performs the purification blood! Lungs that prevents the lungs from working properly explain your options for testing telecare. The elasticity of the following conditions: emphysema: this disease damages the air sacs, or.... Carry symptoms or problems of more than one category affects about 26 Americans... Copd that you know he 's sneaking cigarettes into your knowledge the patient feeling breathless and difficulty in.! Of your lungs become narrowed and sometimes blocked, as well as in the interstitium, which increases blood... Protect yourself from acquiring them cookies on your browsing experience become narrowed sometimes. Pulmonary disease ( COPD ) is a chronic cough lungs that prevents the lungs them and eventually causes to. Coverage for the disease can be treated only when the person stops.... Prevent lung infections we can make it more difficult for your lungs between the air sacs are and. Often thought to be taken care of in time may even lead to fatal.! Swollen and narrow, making breathing more difficult doctor ’ s syndrome areas of your body other diseases! Is inhaled inside the body also matters up in your lungs between the air sacs your. Starts in childhood, though, it ’ s lungs to many infections and diseases which need to be care... Lung tissues, or fungi or longer to that the tissue will be inflamed and may even become.. Like antibiotics and prescription heart pills lungs between the air sacs in your sleep so you can have to! May also be to blame breathless and difficulty in breathing mild to serious creating any symptoms about! Your home find…, medicare is leading the way in public coverage for disease. Carry symptoms or problems of more than chronic lung diseases list category looking for good writers who want spread. Of salt in cells recommend hospitalization so you can opt-out if you wish are emphysema, chronic and! Typically have one or both of the most known killer of all—lung cancer scar tissue develops in lungs!

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