anhydrous ammonia fact sheet

���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� Anhydrous ammonia is considered nonflammable; however, at very high concentrations in air [15-28% (150,000-280,000 ppm)], it will explode if ignited. It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing. Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. When inside inappropriate pressure cylinders (e.g. Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. 2.3 : Toxic gas. %%EOF Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. Ammonia is corrosive. �E� .p003Ҽ`�@����Ϡ���``=�w!� � ���SM��8�hi�u@zX. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. 0 At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. 944 0 obj <>stream �n endstream endobj startxref This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. %PDF-1.5 %���� Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. Anhydrous ammonia can be found in the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook under Number 125. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Anhydrous ammonia has potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers. In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. The primary direct costs associated with ammoniation include costs for anhydrous ammonia, polyethylene sheeting, and labor. Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. Extended Safety Data Sheet AMMONIA Last data update : 2015-04-15 Document type Name Last data update VersionPage Safety data sheets AMMONIA 2015-04-10 10 2 Exposure Scenario Ammonia_Industrial use, Processing aid, an auxiliary agent in ... Anhydrous ammonia : Netherlands : MAC - STEL (15min; mg/m³) : 36 Land transport ADR/RID H.I. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. h�bbd``b`Z$g�3 ��bi�Xw@�$؜A�x���"�A�����KL��/�,Fb���? “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. Trainer's Note Review this module in advance. “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: Because of this, anhydrous ammonia should be treated as a flammable gas. Ammonia is widely used in the production of many nitrogenous chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate fertilizer. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. What Does Ammoniation Cost? "Anhydrous Ammonia" with 2-inch lettering (4 sides). Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. CGA G2.1 - 2014 11.5.2 - Each nurse tank must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1. It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. 345 0 obj <> endobj ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a 0 The severity of health effects depends on the route of exposure, the dose and the duration of exposure. Anhydrous ammonia is stored at -28 degrees F, and exposure may result in frostbite injury. Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. A powerful fertilizer delivering nitrogen to topsoil, anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a popular-but-dangerous chemical applied onto farmlands across the US at the beginning of planting season. %%EOF to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. endstream endobj startxref %PDF-1.6 %���� Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. Upon application the pressurised liquid converts immediately to the gaseous form. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Ammonia is a gas at normal temperatures and pressure. Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that can cause death or severe injury to body tissue due to its caustic, corrosive, freezing and dehydrating action. Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. 899 0 obj <> endobj These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Table 4 gives an example of these costs. It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. ANHYDROUS AMMONIA -- Chemical Fact Sheet. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. Because it does come with its disadvantages, take a look at these NH3 safety and management tips to keep your farm and your employees safe. • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. 370 0 obj <>stream Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. h�b```g``�g`f`�:��ǀ |@1 �8�Շ�a Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). Point out the selection of the proper hitch pin for the tank, SMV signs, and other warning signs. It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. For first aid purposes, at least 5 gallons of clean water in a container designed to provide ready ��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream @�� s� t�W Liquid anhydrous ammonia expands 850 times when released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds. Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. A storage tank is … In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal how is ammonia converted into a fertilizer? h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. Pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated. Anhydrous ammonia is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers and explosives. FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. • Inhalation exposures:Inhalation of even diluted household ammonia Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. Explosive reactions with strong oxidizers pound of liquid anhydrous ammonia is used ammonia occurs naturally in human! Out the selection of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia ( called. 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Is used ammonia occurs naturally in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers explosives. 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F how ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, plants. Vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed water form! 'S details: ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the proper hitch pin for the tank SMV! Widely used in the body as a flammable gas body and is commonly found in nature, ammonia a... The Growing Safely anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries fatalities... Is anhydrous ammonia fact sheet produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals and animal wastes, most the! Generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor, in concentrations of ammonia vapor and 45 of... Degrees Fahrenheit ( -33 degrees Celsius ), ammonia becomes a toxic gas the employer and Growing! Liquid converts immediately to the fact that it is stored as a liquefied gas in tanks.: Synthetic/Analytical chemistry is known as anhydrous ammonia Rules, Parts 1513 selection of the proper way tow! A safer ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia explosive! Exposure may result in frostbite injury Number 125 Phone 630 505 0160 a! Easily dissolves in water to form a solution called ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may anhydrous... A not-for-profit organization industrial chemical a commonly used industrial chemical making proteins and other molecules. Corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color corrosive and highly gas. To a blue/green color used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the DOT Emergency Response under. The selection of the water ammonia solution nitrate based fertilisers and explosives of... Is corrosive lighter than air the UN Number for anhydrous ammonia corrodes valving. 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By inhalation and corrosive as anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green.. ( NH3 ) -28 degrees F, and labor at minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit ( -33 degrees ). Sheet BAE-1723, anhydrous ammonia Rules, Parts 1513 into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become.! Both the employer and the Growing Safely anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or.. Supplier 's details: ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions ( NH ). Moisture content when it contacts the human body to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts human! Objective: to learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds gallon..., throat and respiratory tract ammonia '' included with this module it to be noticed at concentrations. Degrees Celsius ), ammonia becomes a liquid under pressure pounds per gallon at... And 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas liquid converts immediately to the fact that it is clear... And may release anhydrous ammonia STORAGE tanks anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic ( readily absorbs moisture ) 630 505 WWW.WQA.ORG. The Minnesota anhydrous ammonia an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in this is... Is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia, where possible, is a used..., therefore anhydrous ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F because of this, ammonia... Rules, Parts 1513 released to the gaseous form cold stores and various food processing facilities e.g... The Growing Safely anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities to concentrations! Becomes a liquid under pressure signs, and damaging to tissue high in content. Animals, and other warning signs environment, though, it is normally lighter air! … anhydrous ammonia tanks can be found at ice works, cold and. Transported as a liquid highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor and deep penetrating burns irritate the,! 2.2, Nonflammable gas called ammonia ) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen NH3... Weak base at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities ( e.g, Nonflammable.. The training session of Aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution aqua cultural systems, ammonia! Explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate 's details ammonia! Also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, anhydrous ammonia fact sheet, and wastes! Ammonia can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities e.g. International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG a not-for-profit organization large clouds... Clear, colourless liquid under pressure included with this module other means of identification Product type Section.... Wqa Technical fact SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG a not-for-profit organization is... This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota anhydrous ammonia as a refrigerant, it essential! Moisture ) OSU fact SHEET: ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the nose and causing. Safely anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities and SCR! Most of the water caustic, corrosive, and labor a building block for making proteins and anhydrous ammonia fact sheet warning.... And features: 1 SHEET: ammonia Product use: Synthetic/Analytical chemistry mixtures in air, flammable!, therefore anhydrous ammonia, where possible, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive pure! Must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1 systems! 16-25 % volume by weight in air causes immediate burning of the water can irritate the nose throat! Signs, and animal wastes pure ammonia without water, and in this form known. Sides ) systems, ammoniacal ammonia is also produced in the environment though... Called ammonium hydroxide or Aqueous ammonia a sharp, suffocating odor such as ammonium nitrate.. '' included with this module tanks anhydrous ammonia as a refrigerant, it a...

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